Endo- Medical Term Prefix | What Does It Mean in medical terms

Endo Medical Term Prefix- The prefix “endo-” is derived from the Greek word “Endon”, which means “within, inner, absorbing, or containing”. It is usually used to indicate something in scientific and medical terminology that is inside or within. For example, the term “endoskeleton” refers to an internal skeleton. While the “endocardium” refers to the internal membrane layer of the heart.

Another example is “endocrine,” which refers to glands that secrete hormones internally. The prefix “endo-” can also describe the conditions or processes within an organism, such as endometriosis, where tissue that usually makes the line inside the uterus grows out. Overall, the prefix “endo-” is a versatile and helpful tool for describing various internal structures and processes in biology and medicine.

Medical Terms that Use the Prefix “Endo”

  • Endocarditis: an infection of the inner layer of the heart
  • Endometritis: an inflammation within the uterus
  • Endoabdominal: relating to the inside of the abdomen
  • Endoaneurysmorrhaphy: a surgical procedure to repair an aneurysm from within
  • Endoappendicitis: inflammation of the appendix from within
  • Endoarteritis: inflammation of the inner layer of an artery
  • Endobronchial: relating to the inside of a bronchus


Endocarditis is inflammation of the inner layer of heart chambers and valves. This is usually caused by bacterial infection. Bacteria can enter the bloodstream through various mediums, such as inadequate oral hygiene, gum disease, catheterization, sexually transmitted disease, or contaminated needles. People with a history of artificial heart valves, damaged heart valves, or a history of intravenous drug abuse are at high risk of developing endocarditis.

Symptoms and signs of endocarditis

Symptoms of endocarditis may vary in every person and develop gradually or suddenly. Common symptoms include joint and muscle pain, chest pain, fatigue, and flu, Such as fever and chills, night sweating, shortness of breath, and swelling in the feet, legs, or abdomen. If long treatment is not done, endocarditis can damage the heart valve and give rise to complications such as stroke, seizures, paralysis, kidney, heart, brain, or lung boils, and splenomegaly damage.

Treatment of infective Endocarditis

Treatment of endocardia involves drugs and surgery. If bacteria cause the infection, antibiotics such as penicillin reduce infection. In some cases, open-mortar surgery may be necessary to remove damaged heart valves and replace them with artificial valves. To prevent endocarditis, brushing the teeth regularly and flossing, avoiding non-banged procedures that can cause infections such as piercing and tattoos, and for high-risk patients, preventive antibiotics Can be given.

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Endometritis is inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus (endometrium) due to an infection. It can be acute (suddenly starts and is short-lived) or chronic (lasts longer or repeated). Acute endometritis may occur after childbirth or miscarriage or a cervical or uterine surgical process. Chronic endometritis is more common after menopause or if you have an infection like chlamydia or gonorrhea.

Symptoms and signs of endometritis

Symptoms of endometritis include fever, pelvic pain, vaginal bleeding or secretion, constipation or bowel movement pain, abdominal swelling, and typical illness. A bacterial infection in the uterus causes endometritis. It can be caused by sexually transmitted infection (STI), tuberculosis, or naturally occurring bacteria in the vagina.

Diagnosis of Endometritis

Endometritis is usually diagnosed through a pelvic examination and testing fluid from the vagina for bacteria or sexually transmitted infection (STI), removing tissue from the uterus, and testing for bacteria (biopsy), and laparoscopy can also be involved. Blood tests to view the uterus, white blood calculation (WBC) or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and looking at the vaginal fluid under the microscope.

Treatment of infective Endometritis

The treatment of endometritis usually involves antibiotics to reduce infection. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue. To prevent endometritis, it is recommended to use protection during sexual activity, practicing good hygiene, and for high-risk patients, preventive antibiotics can be given.


Endoabdominal refers to organs and tissues that are located inside the abdominal cavity. The abdominal cavity is a large place located between the chest and the pelvis. It includes the stomach, intestine, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, and bladder.

Symptoms and signs of endometritis

Endoabdominal symptoms can be caused by various conditions, including:

  • Hernia: Hernia is an emergence in the abdominal wall that occurs when an organ or tissue passes through a weak place in the muscles. Hernia can be caused by many factors, including obesity, pregnancy and lifting heavy accessories.
  • Inflammation: The body’s reaction to inflammation injury or infection. It can cause many types of symptoms including pain, swelling, redness and heat. Inflammation of abdominal internal organs can be caused by many conditions, including appendicitis, diverticulitis, and pancreatitis.
  • Infection: Infection can cause many types of symptoms, including fever, chills, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Infection of abdominal internal organs can be caused by many bacteria, viruses and parasites.
  • Cancer: Cancer of the abdominal internal organs is a serious condition that can cause many types of symptoms including weight loss, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and fatigue.

Diagnosis of Endoabdominal

The diagnosis of the symptoms inside the stomach will vary depending on the specific condition that is causing the symptoms. Sometimes, a physical examination and medical history may be enough to diagnose. In other cases, further tests may be necessary, such as:

  • Blood tests: Blood tests can examine inflammation, infection and other abnormalities.
  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans or MRI can be used to imagine stomach organs and look at abnormalities.
  • Endoscopy: Endoscopy is when a camera inserts a thin, flexible tube into the body. Endoscopy can be used to see inside the stomach, intestines and other abdominal organs.

Treatment of infective Endometritis

Treatment of symptoms inside the stomach will vary depending on the specific condition that is causing symptoms. In some cases, treatment may include a combination of drugs, surgery or both.

Here are some general treatments for Endoabdominal conditions:

  • Medication: The drug can treat various abdominal conditions, such as swelling, infection and pain.
  • Surgery: Surgery may be necessary to cure hernia, remove infected organs or treat cancer.
  • Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, eating a healthy diet and exercising. It can help prevent and manage different types of endoabdominal conditions.


Endoenurasmorafi is a surgical treatment for an aneurysm that involves opening the aneurysm bag and collapsing its walls, turning, and stitching so that the blood vessel’s lumen becomes average size.

Anurism is an unusual bulge or balloon in the wall of the blood vessel. Some aneurysms cannot cause symptoms, so you will not know that you have any aneurysm, even if it is significant. If the arteriolar bursts, it can cause bleeding inside the body and often death.

Endoaneurysmorrhaphy Diagnosed

An Aneurysm is usually diagnosed through physical testing, abdominal ultrasound, or CT scan. When its walls calm down, the radiograph of the plain abdomen can show the outline of the arteriolar.

Treatment of infective Endoaneurysmorrhaphy

Treatment of aneurysm depends on its size and location as well as your overall health. Surgery involves replacing the weak part of the vessel with an artificial tube called a graft. Sometimes surgeons do not cut the embossed part of the aorta. In these cases, to reduce the pressure on the artery wall, they keep the graft of the fabric inside the pot like a lining. This process is called endoaneurysmorrhaphy.


Endopendicitis is a rare condition in which endometrial tissue, which is a line-making tissue inside the uterus, begins to grow in the appendix. It can cause stomach swelling and pain.

Symptoms and signs of Endoappendicitis

Symptoms of Endoappendicitis can vary from person to person, but they may include:

  1. Abdominal pain, often on the right side of the abdomen
  2. Nausea and vomiting
  3. Fever
  4. Constipation or diarrhea
  5. Pain that worsens with movement or during bowel movements
  6. Pain that is worse during menstruation

Diagnosis of Endoappendicitis

Diagnosis of Endoappendicitis can be difficult, as symptoms may be similar to other conditions such as acute appendicitis. A doctor will conduct a physical test and ask about your medical history. They can also order blood tests, imaging tests or laparoscopes (a process in which a small camera is inserted in the abdomen).

Treatment of Endoappendicitis

Treatment of Endoappendicitis usually involves removing the appendix (appendix). It can be done through laparoscopy or open surgery. In some cases, hormone therapy can also be used to help prevent the growth of endometrial tissue.


Endoorteritis is inflammation of the inner layer of the artery wall. When an infection causes this condition, it is called infectious endoarteritis. Experts believe that in the era before antibiotics and surgical treatment, infectious endoarteritis was a significant cause of death, responsible for almost half the deaths in several collected corpse testing chains.

Symptoms and signs of infective Endoarteritis

Symptoms and signs of infectious endoarteritis may include the characteristics of pneumonia. There may be difficulty or fatigue in breathing or without fever. Investigations may show symptoms of cardiovascular abnormalities or gambling in the heart. Symptoms of the bacterium may appear in some. Imaging studies such as scans may be recommended to determine the limit of arterial participation. Diagnosis tests also include workups to discover other causes of infection and fever.

Treatment of infective Endoarteritis

Endoorteritis is inflammation of the inner layer of the artery wall. When an infection causes this condition, it is called infectious endoarteritis. Treatment of infectious endoarteritis mainly involves the use of antibiotics to treat infections.


Endobronchial refers to the inside of the bronchus, one of the two tubes that carry air from the trachea to the lungs. Endobronchial valve (EBV) therapy is an option for people with severe emphysema or COPD. EBV is a removable, one-way valve that reduces the hyperprint of the lungs by allowing the stuck air to exit. As a result, lung functioning can improve when healthy areas of the lungs provide essential oxygen exchange.

Symptoms and signs of Endobronchial

The EBV is recommended for those who are experiencing symptoms despite receiving optimal treatment for COPD. To get this treatment, a person is required to be smokeless or willing to leave. The process involves applying an average of four valves to your lungs targeted, diseased lobe using a bronchoscope. The entire process takes about 60 minutes and the recovery time is less than open surgery.

Treatment of infective Endobronchial

The goal of the treatment of EBV is to breathe easily and feel better. This looks a bit different for everyone, but in general, your healthcare provider will monitor you for these anticipated results: you experience improvement in your breath, which is measured by the function of your lungs. You can increase your activity and exercise levels. You think the quality of your life has improved.

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